As the body goes through physiological changes that result in fewer new cells being formed, the immunity of the whole system is compromised and becomes an invitation for all sorts of infection and ailments. Screenings or tests that detect health conditions prior to their advanced stages are effective strategies against prevention against any condition. Especially so for the elderly. In this article we are going to discuss a few of the most important screening tests that if taken well on schedule, may dramatically improve the quality of life by preventing uncomfortable conditions. Let’s have a look.
Blood Pressure Screening
Blood pressure screening is the most value for money screening that should be done and should be on priority for the elderly as an estimated 100 million American adults are found to be suffering from its symptoms. And yet you will find only a certain fraction of people taking active measures to mitigate their symptoms. High blood pressure is known to be a risk factor in almost 70 percent of first heart attacks and 80 percent of first strokes. Screening for blood pressure puts you ahead of the game and makes you aware of the probability of you developing the condition and therefore putting in measures to correct your lifestyle from developing it. Blood pressure machines are low-cost affordable devices that you can use to keep a check on your BP regularly. For more information, you can visit any reliable institute that offers Primary Care for Elderly living in Miami.
One of the most hated screening tests for sure, colonoscopy provides an insight into the development of colorectal cancer. The first colonoscopy test may begin at the age of 50 and should go on every five years till the age of 75. Colonoscopy investigates intestinal health and looks for polyps if you have earlier developed them. The removal of certain problematic tissues can also be done during the screening itself.
Scan for osteoporosis
Osteoporosis is inevitable as it is associated with declining physiological health however, the decline can be slowed down with effective strategies. A bone density scan helps you evaluate the status of your bone and its health indicates the kind of action you must take to avoid unpleasant conditions later on.
Prostate Cancer Screening
Seniors often encounter problems due to the enlargement of the prostate gland that takes place due to age. Add to that the risk of getting prostate cancer, this screening is a must for men. After skin cancer, prostate cancer is the most common form of cancer for men. In the screening exam, a blood test is done which is known as the Prostate-Specific Antigen Test. This test determines the level of PSA present in men, which if higher indicates prostate cancer. But it is not a standalone test because PSA levels can be affected due to a variety of reasons- be it certain medical procedures, medication, or an infection. Therefore, a doctor usually recommends a biopsy of the PSA tests comes back abnormal. Other than that a digital rectal examination may also be conducted.
The most prevalent form of cancer, skin cancer screening is again one of the must-do screening tests. Skin which is the largest organ of the body is also prone to the most common form of cancer making it a high-risk proposition. Melanoma, the most common of all, is caused by sun exposure. Skin cancer screening can be done by yourself through a visual exam wherein you note all the birthmarks, patches, or moles that seem unnatural. If you find anything unusual, you must consult a dermatologist. Physicians at a reliable Primary Care for Elderly will assist you.
Vaccinations for the elderly may seem like a counter-intuitive idea as almost all of them have been exposed to infection-causing microbes, however, it serves us well if we get booster shots of some of the most common childhood vaccinations to avoid fighting these infections with no antibodies.
Other screening tests must be done but these are some of the important ones that should not be missed. After all, as the old saying goes, prevention is way better than cure.